Suicide has happened since the start of written history, with perspectives toward it fluctuating from judgment to resilience, contingent upon the time and culture. The thought processes in self destruction and its recurrence have likewise differed. Self destruction is seen as an exit from an issue or emergency that is constantly causing extraordinary anguish.
Suicide is derived from the Latin word for “self murder”. On the off chance that fruitful, it is a lethal demonstration that speaks to the individual’s desire to pass on. There is a range, be that as it may, between considering self destruction and acting it out. A few people have thoughts of self destruction that they will never follow up on; some arrangement for a considerable length of time, weeks, or even a long time before acting; and others end their lives apparently without much forethought, without intention.
An act with a fatal outcome, that is deliberately initiated and performed by the deceased himself or herself, in the knowledge or expectation of its fatal outcome, the outcome being considered by the actor as instrumental in bringing about desired changes in consciousness or social conditions (Retterstol.N, 2003).
SUICIDAL ISSUES AMONG YOUNG ADULTHOOD
Suicide among young people continues to be a serious problem. Suicide is the second leading cause of death for children, adolescents and young adults age 15 to 24 years old. Risk factors are;
- Family history of suicide attempts
- Exposure to violence
- Aggressive or disruptive behaviour
- Access to firearms
- Feelings of hopelessness or helplessness
- Acute loss or rejection
Thesubstance abuse and mental disorders with the greatest prevalence of suicide risk associated with them include major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, personality disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, and eating disorders
WARNING SIGNS FOR SUICIDE
The following acronym is used to identify major warning signs of suicide. These can be thought as ‘triggers’ of suicide:
IS PATH WARM
- I – Ideation: threats, talk or writing about death, dying or suicide
- S- Substance Abuse: change or sudden increase in use
- P- Purposeless : experiencing no reason to live
- A- Anxiety : agitation, restlessness, unable to sleep
- T – Trapped : no options and no way out
- H- Hopelessness : self lacking value, nobody cares
- W- Withdrawal : from friends, family, sleeping all the time
- A – Anger : expressions of rage, homicidal ideation, seeking revenge
- R – Recklessness: engaging in risky activity
- M- Mood Changes : dramatic shifts from typical mood state
The patient risk factors basis only can able to do suicide prevention methods and treatments. Most common suicide prevention technique is talk therapy- under the form of CBT cognitive behavioural therapy/ dialectical behavioural therapy- DBT.while providing education and awareness among the suicidal behaviour platform impacts is helps to decrease the people’s suicidal tendencies.
MYTHS ABOUT SUICIDE
- Most teenagers who end it all have reached articulations demonstrating their self-destructive expectations.
- Many self destruction acts speak to a completely considered system for adapting to genuine individual issues.
- Most self-destructive casualties have blended emotions about murdering themselves. They are conflicted about living, not goal on kicking the bucket.
- Most self-destructive people are in contact with the real world and not effectively insane at the hour of the endeavour. During times of clarity/adjustment, they may feel a feeling of weakness/sadness in regards to their issues.
- One can’t make somebody self-destructive when one show enthusiasm for their government assistance by talking about the chance of self-destruction.
WHEN TO VISIT A MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONAL
Threatens to hurt or kill oneself, Attempts to access the means to kill oneself (weapons, medications, etc.), Talks or writes about one’s own death, Exhibits revenge-seeking behaviour, Talks about feeling trapped in an unhappy situation and not seeing any way out, Feels no reason to live or has no purpose in life, Withdraws from friends, school, work, family, and all other important relationships, Engages in risky behaviour without caution.